Mental health has become an increasingly significant topic of concern in Australia, with a growing recognition of its impact on individuals, families, and society as a whole. As the nation grapples with various mental health challenges, it is crucial to identify the most pressing issue to effectively address and prioritize resources. In this blog post, we will delve into the biggest mental health issues facing Australians today, exploring the causes, consequences, and potential solutions.

The Rising Tide of Anxiety Disorders

Among the many mental health issues affecting Australians, anxiety disorders have emerged as a pervasive and pressing concern. Anxiety disorders encompass a range of conditions such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and phobias. According to recent studies and surveys, anxiety disorders affect approximately 1 in 6 Australians during their lifetime.

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The Rising Tide of Anxiety Disorders

Of Australians aged 16–85, an estimated:

Anxiety disorders (such as Social Phobia) are the most common type of disorder, affecting 1 in 6 (17%, or 3.3 million) Australians, followed by Affective disorders (such as Depressive Episode) (8%), and Substance Use disorders (such as Alcohol Dependence) (3.%).

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Figure 1. Estimated number of Australians aged 16–85 experiencing mental illness by time period and disorder, 2021

Figure showing the number of different mental health disorder by males and females during a lifetime and during a 12 month period.


Refer to National Study of Mental Health and Wellbeing methodology, 2020–21 | Australian Bureau of Statistics ( for more information.

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, National Study of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary Results, 2020–21; Tables 1.1, 1.3, 2.1, 2.3, 5.1, 5.3, 14.1, 14.3.

Causes and Contributing Factors

Understanding the causes and contributing factors behind the rise of anxiety disorders in Australia is essential for developing effective strategies for prevention and treatment. Several factors are believed to play a role:

  1. Increasing societal pressures: Modern life in Australia is characterized by fast-paced lifestyles, financial pressures, and an emphasis on achievement and success. These factors contribute to heightened stress levels and a sense of constant pressure, leading to the development of anxiety disorders.
  2. Social media and technology: The widespread use of social media and constant connectivity through technology have their benefits but can also contribute to feelings of inadequacy, comparison, and fear of missing out (FOMO), all of which can exacerbate anxiety symptoms.
  3. Economic uncertainty and job insecurity: Uncertain economic conditions, job instability, and the evolving nature of work can significantly impact mental health, leading to increased anxiety levels among individuals worried about financial security and stability. And we all know, the current economic climate, increased costs in living and the associated pressures, rising interest rates and mortgage and rental stress including homelessness being faced by those in our community is without a shadow of a doubt having a impact on our mental health and wellbeing.
  4. Environmental factors: Natural disasters, such as bushfires and floods, can have long-lasting effects on mental health. Australia has experienced a series of devastating events in recent years, which have also contributed to heightened anxiety levels among the population.
What is the Biggest Mental Health Issue Facing Australians Today? via Melbourne Therapy and Counselling Centre

Consequences and Impacts

Anxiety disorders can have wide-ranging consequences on individuals, families, and society as a whole:

  1. Personal well-being: Anxiety can severely affect an individual’s overall well-being, leading to physical symptoms, disrupted sleep patterns, and a diminished quality of life. It can also hinder personal relationships, academic or professional performance, and limit one’s ability to engage in daily activities.
  2. Economic burden: The economic burden of anxiety disorders is significant, with costs associated with healthcare services, lost productivity, and reduced workforce participation. This burden affects both individuals and the broader Australian economy.
  3. Impact on families: Anxiety disorders can strain relationships, disrupt family dynamics, and create emotional distress for family members supporting those affected. The ripple effects of anxiety can be felt throughout the family unit.

“What worries me is that rather than having an intense recovery phase in Australia (post pandemic) we’ve had further crises, including marked increases in costs of living and natural disasters, all of which we know exacerbate mental health problems.” Professor Teesson, Senior Author and Director of the Matilda Centre.

Addressing the Issue of Anxiety in the Population

To tackle the growing burden of anxiety disorders, a comprehensive approach encompassing various stakeholders and strategies is necessary:

  1. Public awareness and education: Increasing awareness about anxiety disorders, their symptoms, and available treatments is crucial. Educational campaigns can help reduce stigma, encourage early intervention, and promote a greater understanding of mental health issues within the community.
  2. Accessible and affordable mental healthcare: Ensuring access to quality mental healthcare services, including psychotherapeutic and psychoeducational therapies and medications, is vital. Expanding resources and reducing barriers to access can help individuals seek timely support and treatment.
  3. Promoting well-being and resilience: Implementing programs and initiatives that enhance mental health and build resilience is essential. This can include workplace mental health programs, school-based interventions, and community support networks. This is being seen with the current amendments to the Work Health and Safety Act (The WHS Act) to include a new Code of Practice on managing Psychosocial hazards within workplaces.
  4. Addressing social determinants of mental health: Tackling underlying social determinants such as poverty, inequality, and social isolation can significantly impact mental health outcomes. Policies addressing these broader societal issues can help prevent the onset of anxiety disorders.
What is the Biggest Mental Health Issue Facing Australians Today? via Melbourne Therapy and Counselling Centre


While mental health issues in Australia are multifaceted and interrelated, anxiety disorders have emerged as the most significant concern. The impact of anxiety extends beyond individuals, affecting families, communities, and the economy. By understanding the causes and consequences of anxiety disorders, and implementing a multi-faceted approach encompassing awareness, access to care, and social change, Australia can take significant strides towards addressing this pressing mental health issue. Empowering individuals to seek help, promoting supportive environments, and investing in mental health resources will pave the way for a mentally healthier nation.

Thank you for reading this blog from Melbourne Therapy and Counselling Centre. If you or anyone you know is experiencing Anxiety, Stress or Depression, please reach out to us. We offer affordable, accessible and confidential psychotherapeutic and counselling services for inviduals of all ages at our clinic in Murrumbeena, VIC or Australia-wide via Online Telehealth services.

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